ICS BiblioSelect: Martyr Cults and Pope Damasus

Alchermes, Joseph. Cura pro mortuis and cultus martyrum: commemoration in Rome from the second through the sixth century.  Ann Arbor, MI: UME Dissertation Services, 1989.

Amore, Agostino. I martiri di Roma, ed. Alesanndro Bonfiglio, Todi: Tau Edirice, 2013.

Bardy, G.  "Pélérinages à Rome vers la fin du IVe siècle," in Analecta Bollandiana 67 (1949), 224-235.

Barker, Ethel Ross.  Rome of the Pilgrims and Martyrs: A Study in the Martyrologies, Itineraries, Syllogae, & Other Contemporary Documents.  London, Methuen, 1913.

Baslez. M. F. Les Persécutions dans l'Antiquité. Victimes, héros, martyrs. Paris: Fayard, 2007.

Bastianensen, A. A. R. “Ecclesia martyrum,” in M. Mamberigts and P. van Deun, eds., Martyrium in Multidisciplinary Perspective. Memorial Louis Reekmans. Leuven 1995, 333-350.

Bauckham, Richard. “The Martyrdom of Peter in Early Christian Literature,” in ANRW 2/26/1 (1992), 554-8.

Bibliotheca Sanctorum, vol. 1-22, Milan, 1961-1969.

Birch, Debra.  Pilgrimage to Rome in the Middle Ages: Continuity and Change. Woodbridge, Suffolk; Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 1998.

Blair-Dixon, Kate.  “Damasus and the Fiction of Unity: The Urban Shrines of Saint Lawrence,” in Federico Guidobaldi and Alessandra Guidobaldi, eds., Ecclesiae Urbis: Atti del Congresso internazionale di studi sulle chiese di Roma (IV-X secolo); Roma, 4-10 settembre 2000, Studi di antichità Cristiana 59.  Vatican City: Pontificio Istituto de Archeologica Cristiana, 2002, 331-352.

Bockmuehl, Markus. ““Peter’s Death in Rome? Back to Front and Upside Down,” in Scottish Journal of Theology 60/1 (2007): 1-23.

Carletti, Carlo. “’Scrivere I santi’: Epigrafia del pellegrinaggio a Roma nei secoli vii-ix.” In Roma fra oriente e occidente, Settimane di studio del centro italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo 49. Spoleto: Centro italiano di studi sull'alto Medioevo, 2002, 323-62.

Carletti, Carlo. Damaso I, santo, in Enciclopedia dei Papi I, Rome 2000, pp. 349-372.

Carletti, Carlo. Damasus und die römischen Martyrer: anno Damasi saeculari XVI. Città del Vaticano: Pontificia commissione di archeologia sacra, 1986.

Chadwick, Henry. “Pope Damasus and the Peculiar Claim of Rome to St. Peter and St. Paul,” in Neotestamentica et Patristica (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 6). Leiden: Brill, 1962, pp. 313–318.

Chandlery, P. J. Pilgrim-walks in Rome: A Guide to the Holy Places in the City and Its Vicinity. London: Manresa Press, 1908.

Clark, E. “Claims on the Bones of Saint Stephen. The Partisans of Melania and Eudocia,” ChHist 51/2 (1982): 141-56.

Cobb, L. Stephanie. Divine Deliverance: Pain and Painlessness in Early Christian Martyr Texts. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2016.

Cooper, Kate. “The Roman Martyrs and the Politics of Memory,” in Early Medieval Europe 9/3 (2000): 271-365.

Cooper, Kate.  “The Martyr, the Matron, and the Bishop: the Matron Lucina and the Politics of Martyr Cult in Fifth- and Sixth-century Rome.“ Early Medieval Europe 8/3 (1999): 297-317.

Crook, John. The Architectural Setting of the Cult of Saints in the Early Christian West, c. 300–1200. Oxford Historical Monographs. Oxford: Clarendon, 2000.

Deichmann, Friedrich Wilhelm.  “Märtyrerbasilika, Martyrion und Altargrab.” MDAI 77 (1970): 375-400.

Delehaye, Hippolyte. Les origines du culte des martyrs, Brussels: Société des bollandistes, 1933.

Delehaye, Hippolyte. “Le sanctuaire des Apôtres sur la Voie Appienne,” in Analecta Bollandiana 45 (1927): 297-310.

DeMarco Angelo. The Tomb of Saint Peter: A Representative and Annotated Bibliography of the Excavations. Leiden: Brill, 1964.

Demacopoulos, George.  The Invention of Peter: Apostolic Discourse and Papal Authority in Late Antiquity. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013.

Divjak, Johannes and Wolfgang Wischmeyer, eds. Das Kalenderhandbuch von 354 Der Chronograph des Filocalus, Band 2 - Der Textteil.  Vienna:  Holzhausen, 2014.

Duchesne, Louis, Cyrille Vogel, eds. Le Liber Pontificalis. Paris: E. Thorin, 1886-1892, 1957.

Duval, Yves. Auprès des saints corps et l’âme: l'inhumation "ad sanctos" dans la chrétienté d'Orient et d'Occident du IIIe au VIIe siècle. Paris: Etudes Augustiniennes, 1988.

Duval, Yvette. Loca sanctorum Africae: Le culte des martyrs en Afrique du IVe au VIIe siècle. 2 vols. Rome: École Française de Rome, 1982.

Eade, John and Michael J. Sallnow, eds.  Contesting the Sacred: The Anthropology of Christian Pilgrimage. London: Routledge, 1991.

Eastman, David L. The Ancient Martyrdom Accounts of Peter and Paul. Writings from the Greco-Roman World 39. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2015.

Fevrier, P. A. “Un plaidoyer pour Damase. Les inscriptions des necropolis romaines.” In M. Christol et al, eds., Institutions, soci´té et vie politique dans l’Empire romain au IVe siècle ap. J. C. Acts de la table ronde autour de l’oeuvre d’André Chastagnol, Paris 1989. Paris. 1992, 497-506.

Février, P. A. and J. Guyon. “Septimus ex numero fratrum. A propos de sept frères martyrs et de laur mere. Quelques réflexions sur Damase et l’hagiographie de son temps.” In Memoriam sanctorum venerantes. Miscellanea in onore di Monsignor Victor Saxer. Vatican City, 1992. 375-402.

Ferrua, Antonio. Epigrammata Damasiana. Vatican City: Pontificio Istituto di Archeologia Cristiana, 1942.

Field, Lester L. On the Communion of Damasus and Meletius: Fourth-Century Synodal Formula in the Codex Veronensis LX, with critical edition and translation. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2004.

Geary, Patrick.  Living with the Dead in the Middle Ages.  Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994.

Geary, Patrick.  “Sacred Commodities: the Circulation of Medieval Relics.” In Arjun Appadurai, ed. The Social Life of Things. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986, 169-191.

Geary, Patrick. ‘The Ninth Century Relic Trade. A Response to Popular Piety?” Religion and the People 800-1700. Ed. James Obelkevich.  Chapel Hill, NC, 1989, 8-19.

Geertmann, Hermann. “Documenti, redattori e la formazione del testo del Liber Pontificalis,” in Il Liber Pontificalis e la storia materiale, Atti del Colloquio Internazionale (Roma, 21-22 febbraio 2002), ed. Herman Geertmann, in Mededelingen van het Nederlands Instituut te Rome – Papers of the Netherlands Institute in Rome 60-61 (2001-2002) Assen 2003, pp. 267-284.

Grabar, André. Martyrium: Recherches sur le culte des reliques et l’art chrétien antique. 2 vols. Paris: Collège de France, 1946.

Grig, Lucy. Making Martyrs in Late Antiquity. London: Duckworth, 2004.

Guyon, Jean.  “Damase et l’illustration des martyrs. Les accents de la devotion et l’enjeu d’une pastorale.” In M. Lamberigts and P. van Deun, eds., Martyrium in Multidisciplinary Perspective. Memorial Louis Reekmans. Series: Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium, 117. Leuven: University Press, 1995, 157-77.

Hershkowitz, Paula.  Prudentius, Spain, and Late Antique Christianity.  Poetry, Visual Culture, and the Cult of Martyrs.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Jensen, Robin M. “Saints’ Relics and the Consecration of Church Buildings in Rome.” Studia Patristica 71 (2014): 153-70.

Kitzler, Petr. From ‘Passio Perpetuae’ to ‘Acta Perpetuae’: Recontextualizing a Martyr Story in the Literature of the Early Church, Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte, 127. Berlin-Boston: De Gruyter, 2015.

Lafferty, Sean.  “Ad sanctitatem mortuorum: Tomb Raiders, Body Snatchers and Relic Hunters in Late Antiquity.” Early Medieval Europe 22/3 (2014): 249-79.

Leyser, Conrad. “The Temptations of Cult: Roman Martyr Piety in the Age of Gregory the Great,” Early Medieval Europe 9 (2000): 289-303.

Lonstrup, Gitte.  “Constructing Myths: The Foundation of Roma Christiana on 29 June." Analecta Romana Instituti Danici 33 (2009): 19-56.

Maier, H. O. The Topography of Heresy and Dissent in Late Fourth-Century Rome, in Historia 44
(1995), pp. 232-249.

Maskarinec, Maya. “The Carolingian Afterlife of the Damasan Inscriptions.” Early Medieval Europe 23/2 (2015): 129-60.

Miller, Patricia Cox. “On the Edge of Self and Other: Holy Bodies in Late Antiquity.” JECS 17/2 (2009): 171-93.

Miller, Patricia Cox. “Relics, Rhetoric and Mental Spectacles in Late Ancient Christianity." In Giselle de Nie, Karl F. Morrison, and Marco Mostert, eds. Seeing the Invisible in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages: Papers from ‘Verbal and Pictorial Imaging: Representing and Accessing Experience of the Invisible, 400-1000’ (Utrecht, 11-13 December 2003). Turnhout: Brepols, 2005, 25-52.

Miller, Patricia Cox.  “Visceral Seeing: The Holy Body in Late Ancient Christianity.” JECS 12/4 (2004): 391-411.

Miller, Patricia Cox. (2000). “The Little Blue Flower is Red: Relics and the Poeticizing of the Body.” JECS 8/2: 213-236.

Morison, S. “An Unacknowledged Hero of the Fourth Century, Damasus I.” In Charles Henderson, Jr. ed., Classical, Mediaeval, and Renaissance Studies in Honor of Berthold Louis Ullman, 2 vols.  Roma, Edizioni di storia e letteratura, 1964, 241-263. 

Palmer, Anne-Marie. Prudentius on the Martyrs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Pergola, Philippe. “Nereus et Achilleus martyres: L’intervention de Damase à Domitilla.” In Saecularia Damasiana: atti del Convegno internazionale per il XVI centenario della morte di papa Damaso I (11-12-384-10/12-12-1984). Vatican City: Pontificio istituto di archeologia Cristiana, 1986, 203-224.

Pietri, Charles.  “Concordia apostolorum et renovation urbis (Culte des martyrs et propaganda pontificale).” In C. Petri, ed. Christiana respublica: elements d’une enquête sur le christianisme antique.  Collection de l'École française de Rome 234. Rome: École française.,1997, 1085-1133. 

Pietri, Charles.  “Damase, évêque de Rome.” In Saecularia damasiana. Atti del convegno internazionale per il XVI centenario della morte di Papa Damaso I., Roma 1984. Rome, Pontificio Istituto di Archeologia Cristiana, 1986,  31-58.

Pietri, Charles. “Les origins du culte des martyrs (d’apres un ouvrage recent).” RAC 60 (1984): 293-319.

Pilara, Gianluca, Ghilardi, Massimiliano. La città di Roma nel pontificato di Damaso (366-384). Vicende storiche e aspetti archeologici, Rome: Aracne, 2010.

Profumo, A. La memoria di s. Pietro nella regione Salaria-Nomentana. Rome: Herder, 1916.

Rebillard, Éric. “KOIMHTHRION et COEMETERIUM: tombe, tombe sainte, nécropole,” in Mélanges de l’École française de Rome. Antiquité 105 (1993), 975-1001.

Reutter, Ursula.  Damasus, Bischof von Rom (366-384). Leben und Werk, STAC 55.  Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009.

Roberts, Michael. Poetry and the Cult of the Martyrs. The Liber Peristephanon of Prudentius. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1993.

Robinson, Donald F. “Where and When Did Peter Die?” JBL 64 (1945): 255-67

Rousseau, Philip. "Christian Culture and the Swine's Husks: Jerome, Augustine, and Paulinus." In The Limits of Ancient Christianity: Essays on Late Antique Thought and Culture in Honor of R.A. Markus. Eds. William E. Klingshirn and Mark Vessey. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999, 172-87.

Sághy, Marianne. "Renovatio memoriae: Pope Damasus and the Martyrs of Rome.” Rom in der Spätantike: Historische Erinnerung im städtischen Raum. Eds. R. Behrwald - Ch. Witschel. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2012, pp. 251-267.

Sághy, Marianne. “Martyr Bishops and the Bishop’s Martyrs in Fourth-Century Rome,” in John S. Ott and Trpimir Vedriš, Saintly Bishops and Bishops’ Saints.  Zagreb: Hagiotheca Humaniora, 2012, 13-30.

Sághy, Marianne. "Pope Damasus and the Beginnings of Roman Hagiography," in Promoting the Saints Cults and Their Contexts from Late Antiquity until the Early Modern Period. Essays in Honor of Gábor Klaniczay for His 60th Birthday, eds. Ottó Gecser, József Laszlovszky, Balázs Nagy, Marcell S e bo k, Katalin Szende. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2010, pp. 2-15.

Sághy, Marianne. "Scinditur in partes populus: Pope Damasus and the Martyrs of Rome." Early Medieval Europe 9/3 (2000): 273-287.

Sághy, M. “Renovatio Memoriae: Pope Damasus and the Martyrs of Rome," in Early Medieval Europe 9 (2000): 273–287.
Saxer, V. “La ricerca dei ‘corpi santi’ e le prime esplorationi nelle catacombe.” In Dopo Sisto V: la transizione al Barocco (1590-1630), Atti del Convegno, Rome, 18-20 ottobre, 1995. Rome: Istituto Nazionale di Studi Romani, 1997, 255-65.

Saxer, Victor. Morts, martyrs, reliques en Afrique chrétienne aux premiers siecles. Les temoignages de Tertullien, Cyprien et Augustien à la lumière de l’archéologie africain (Théologie historique 55). Paris: Éd. Beauchesne, 1980.

Scorza Barcellona, Francesco. “Le origini,” in Storia della santità nel cristianesimo occidentale, Anna Benvenuti, Sofia Boesch Gajano, Simon Ditchfield, Roberto Rusconi, Francesco Scorza Barcellona, and Gabriella Zarri, eds. Rome: Viella, 2005, pp. 61-75.

Smaltz, W. M. “Did Peter Die in Jerusalem?” JBL 71 (1952): 211-16.

Smith, Julia M. H. “Relics: An Evolving Tradition in Latin Christianity.” In Cynthia Hahn and Holger A. Klein, eds., Saints and Sacred Matter: The Cult of Relics in Byzantium and Beyond.  Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 2015, 41-60.

Smith, Kyle. Constantine and the Captive Christians of Persia: Martyrdom and Religious Identity in Late Antiquity. Transformation of the classical heritage, 57. Oakland: University of California Press, 2016.

Spera, Lucrezia.  “Interventi di papa Damaso nei santuari delle catacombe romane: il ruolo della committenza private.” Bessarione 11 (1994): 111-127.

Straw, Carole. "Martyrdom and Christian Identity: Gregory the Great, Augustine, and Tradition." In The Limits of Ancient Christianity: Essays on Late Antique Thought and Culture in Honor of R.A. Markus, Eds. William E. Klingshirn and Mark Vessey. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999, 250-267.

Thacker, Alan. “The Origin and Development of Rome’s intramural cults: a context for the cult of Sant’Agnese in Agone,” MEFRA 126/1 (2014): 137-146.

Thacker, Alan. "Rome of the Martyrs: Saints, Cults and Relics, Fourth to Seventh Centuries." In Éamonn Ó Carragáin and Carol Neuman de Vegvar eds., Roma felix: Formation and Reflections of Medieval Rome. Aldershot, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007, 13-50.

Thacker, Alan. “Martyr Cult Within the Walls: Saints and Relics in the Roman tituli of the Fourth to Seventh Centuries.” In A. Minnis and J. Roberts, eds., Text, Image, Interpretation. Turnhout: Brepols.2007, 31-70.

Thacker, Alan.  “Loca sanctorum: The Significance of Place in the Study of the Saints,” in Alan Thacker and Richard Sharpe, eds., Local Saints and Local Churches in the Early Medieval West. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, 1-43.

Thacker, Alan. “In Search of Saints: The English Church and the Cult of Roman Apostles and Martyrs in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries.” In Julia M. H. Smith, ed., Early Medieval Rome and the Christian West: Essays in Honour of Donald A. Bullough.  Leiden: Brill, 2000, 247-78.

Thümmel, Hans Georg. Die Memorien für Petrus und Paulus in Rom: Die archäologischen Denkmähler und die literarischen Tradition. Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte 76. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1999.

Toynbee, J. M. C. and J. Ward-Perkins. The Shrine of St. Peter and the Vatican Excavations. London: Longmans, Green and Co, 1965.

Trout, Dennis. Damasus of Rome: The Epigraphic Poetry. Texts, Translations, and Commentary. Oxford-New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Trout, Dennis. “Damasus and the Invention of Early Christian Rome,” in Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 33.3 (2003), pp. 517–536. Trout2005_Damasus and Invention

Trout, Dennis. “Poetry on Stone: Epigram and Audience,” in The Living Past: Recasting the Ancients in Late Latin Poetry, Scott McGill and Joseph Pucci, eds. Heidelberg: Winter Verlag, 2015. Trout2016_Epigram and Audience

Trout, Dennis. “Vergil and Ovid at the Tomb of Agnes: Constantina, Epigraphy, and the Genesis of Christian Poetry,” in Ancient Documents and their Contexts. First North American Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy (2011), John Bodel and Nora Dimitrova, ed. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2015, pp. 263-82. Trout2015_Constantina and genesis

Trout, Dennis. “From the Elogia of Damasus to the Acta of the Gesta Martyrum: Re-staging Roman History,” in Attitudes Towards the Past in Antiquity: Creating Identities. Proceedings of an International Conference held at Stockholm University, 15-17 May 2009, Brita Alroth and Charlotte Scheffer eds. Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2014, pp. 311-20.

Trout, Dennis. “’Being Female’: Verse Commemoration at the Coemeterium S. Agnetis (Via Nomentana),” in Being Christian in Late Antiquity: A Festschrift for Gillian Clark, ed. Carol Harrison, Caroline Humfress, and Isabella Sandwell. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 215-34. Trout2014_Being Female

Trout, Dennis. “Fecit ad astra viam: Daughters, Wives, and the Metrical Epitaphs of Late Ancient Rome,” in Journal of Early Christian Studies 21 (2013), pp. 1-25. Trout2013_Fecit ad astra viam

Trout, Dennis. “Borrowed Verse and Broken Narrative: Agency, Identity, and the (Bethesda) Sarcophagus of Bassa,” in Life, Death and Representation: Some New Work on Roman Sarcophagi, ed. Jas Elsner and Janet Huskinson. Berlin and New York: De Gruyter, 2010, pp. 337-358. Trout2010_Borrowed Verse

Trout. Dennis. “Theodelinda's Rome: Ampullae, Pittacia, and the Image of the City,” in Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome 50 (2005), pp. 131-150.

Trout, Dennis. "Damasus and the Invention of Early Christian Rome," in Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 33 (2003), pp. 517-36. Reprinted (slightly revised) in The Cultural Turn in Late Ancient Studies: Gender, Asceticism, and Historiography, eds. Dale B. Martin and Patricia Cox Miller. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005, pp. 298-315 Trout2005_Damasus and Invention

Vikan, Gary. Early Byzantine Pilgrimage Art. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 2011.

Ward-Perkins, J.B. “Memoria, Martyr’s Tomb and Martyr’s Church,” in Akten des VII. internationalen Kongresses für christliche Archäologie. Trier. Pontifico Istituto, Vatican City. Vol. 1., 1965, 3–25.

Ward-Perlins, J.B. The Suffering Self. Pain and Narrative Representation in the Early Christian Era. London: Routledge, 1995.

Yasin, Anne Marie.  Prayers on Site: The Materiality of Devotional Graffiti and the Production of Early Christian Sacred Space, in A. Eastmond, ed., Viewing Inscriptions in the Late Antique and Medieval World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015, 36-60.

Zwierlein, Otto. Petrus und Paulus in Jerusalem und Rom. Vom Neuen Testament zu den apokryphen Apostelakten. Berlin/Boston, 2013.

Zwierlein, Otto. Petrus in Rom. Die literarischen Zeugnisse. Mit einer kritischen Edition der Martyren des Petrus und Paulus auf neuer handschriftlicher Grundlage. Berlin/New York, 2009.